List of technical terms
: A term used in the Domesday Book to indicate land that was attached to the Manor
but was not in the same location – it was outlying from the place it was controlled from.
: A back garden area to the toft
where the villager could grow crops and keep animals.
: Archaeological and natural geological features which can be seen from the air due to differential crop growth.
: Upstanding archaeological features – often termed ‘humps and bumps’.
: A route way that has been worn down over the years to produce a hollow route through the surrounding area. These are often the main communication routes through the settlement and out into the surrounding field system.
: An administration district within a shire.
: A typical type of medieval peasant house. There is great regional variety but they are usually long and rectangular with an entrance way in the centre of one or both of the long sides.
: A type of field system that was formed on steep ground. Lynchets were flat platforms to allow crops to be grown, and often form ‘flights’ up a hill side.
: A term used in the Domesday Book and later to signify a territorial and legal landholding.
: Often, but not always, rectangular in shape, an area surrounded by a moat that could hold a house, but other uses included orchards, gardens and industrial sites.
: Used in the context of the Domesday Book to mean the same as berewick
Ridge and Furrow
: The remnants of medieval ploughed fields. The corrugated pattern was formed as the fields were ploughed using a particular method. In some areas these still remain as upstanding earthworks
, in other areas they can still be seen as cropmarks
in ploughed fields.
: The area surrounding a medieval house. These can vary in size and nature across the country.
: Peasant farmers who were tenants and were tied to the Lord of the manor
: This is the same as a hundred
but is used in areas which came under Anglo-Scandinavian control in the ninth and tenth centuries.
: Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photography
: Deserted Medieval Hamlet
: Deserted Medieval Village
: Deserted Medieval Village Research Group
: Historic Environment Record
: Medieval Settlement Research Group
: Medieval Village Research Group
: Nation Mapping Programme
: National Monuments Records
: Ordnance Survey
: Royal Air Force
: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England
: Victoria County History
County record codes
The following codes are used to indicate the source of county-based records primarily the Domesday Book, and local Historic Environment Records.
: Bath and North East Somerset
: Bristol City
: City of York
: East Sussex
: Gloucester City
: Greater London
: Greater Manchester
: Isle of Wight
: Humber Archaeology Partnership
: Lake District
: Leicester City
: Milton Keynes
: North East Lincolnshire
: North Lincolnshire
: North York Moors
: Portsmouth City
: South Gloucestershire
: South Yorkshire
: Tees Archaeology
: Tyne and Wear
: West Berkshire
: West Sussex
: Yorkshire, East Riding
: Yorkshire, North Riding
: Yorkshire, West Riding
: Yorkshire Dales