Taynton Parva

 

 

Site type: DMV

Taynton Parva is an excellent example of a number of different medieval landscape elements including a ringwork, motte and bailey, moated site and fishponds, a church, swannery as well as the settlement evidence. [1] The castle site is the most distinct feature in the centre of the site, with the moated site to the east and the location of the church to the southeast. The site is surrounded to the south and east by a defensive earthwork constructed during the Civil War when Royalist Troops were garrisoned at the site. [2] The evidence of the village is less clear and some of the features are covered by trees so are hard to interpret from the air, but presumably lay around these sites. [2] The site has been surveyed but the remains are still open to interpretation. [3]

At Domesday a minimum population of six is recorded. In 1327 nine people are assessed. [4] In 1334 a below average Lay Subsidy is paid. By the sixteenth century there is only a record for Taynton and it is not subdivided into Magna and Parva. The church was in existence by 1134 but burnt down by Royalists in 1643. [3, 5] This has been confirmed in recent years by the discovery of metalwork in the area, particularly lead from the church. [6] It has been suggested that the village was abandoned by 1485, but there is insufficient evidence to be sure. [1, 3] In 1285 the landowner was granted a charter to use his lands at Taynton as a hunting chase and warren. [3] It is perhaps this that signifies the start of a slow decline.

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Scheduled Monument List Entry 1021434.
[2] NMR Pastscape Record No. 113453.
[3] Williams, S.E. 1996. Taynton Parva Deserted Medieval Village. Its History and Archaeology. Lydney: Dean Archaeological Group Occasional Publication No. 2.
[4] Franklin, P. 1993. The Taxpayers of Medieval Gloucestershire. Stroud: Alan Sutton: 88.
[5] Rudder, S. 1779. A New History of Gloucestershire. Cirencester: S Rudder: 726.
[6] Rawes, J.A. and J. Wills (eds) 1998.’ Archaeological Review No. 22’, Transactions of Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society 116: 191-212: 208.
Pre-1974 county:
Gloucestershire
Historic parish:
Taynton
Present county or unitary area:
Gloucestershire
Modern parish:
Taynton
Grid reference:
SO 749229
Latitude:
51.90407715
Longitude:
-2.36623623

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
GLOS 37,4
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
6
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
388
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Not recorded
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
1285-1485
NMR number:
113453
HER number:
GLOS 5053
Investigation history:
1971 Field Visit.
1995 Survey.
1997 Field Walking.
1998 Finds Collection.
2002-2006 North Gloucestershire Cotswolds and Forest of Dean NMP.
2011 Site Visit.
2012 Survey.
2013 Geophysical Survey.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF CPE/UK/2110 3414-5 Taken 28 May 1947.
CUCAP CLZ14-16 Taken 3 June 1980.
NMR SO 7422/11 (23276/19) Taken 7 November 2003.
NMR SO 7422/12 (23276/20) Taken 7 November 2003.
Williams, S.E. 1996. Taynton Parva Deserted Medieval Village. Its History and Archaeology. Lydney: Dean Archaeological Group Occasional Publication No. 2. Plan p.4-5.
Site status:
Scheduled 1021434
x coordinate:
374900
y coordinate:
222900
Bibliography:
Aston, M. and L. Viner 1981. ‘Gloucestershire Deserted Villages’, Glevensis 15: 22-29.
Beresford, M. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.
Williams, S.E. 1996. Taynton Parva Deserted Medieval Village. Its History and Archaeology. Lydney: Dean Archaeological Group Occasional Publication No. 2.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=113453
Open Domesday
opendomesday.org/place/SO7423/little-taynton/