Hilcot

 

 

Site type: DMH

The earthworks of the settlement of Hilcot (sometimes referred to as Upper Hilcot) are visible to the east of Upper Hilcot Farm. The grid reference has been slightly refined to place it over the earthworks. They include an east-west hollow way and two house platforms to the south. The NMP suggests that this might be more likely a farmstead rather than a settlement, however Dyer suggests there was once possibly up to six houses. [1, 2] Medieval pottery has been recovered from molehills and an excavation by an unknown party is said to have been conducted. [3] A sheepcote was constructed over the remains of the settlement. [2]

Hilcot is often recorded with Withington. [4] At Domesday it is recorded as one of the lands in Withington. It pays a below average amount in 1334. By 1381 it is recorded separately but no people were taxed. It is suggested that the settlement was abandoned between the 1370s-1380s. [5] Due to the small size of the earthworks and the suggested small size from the documentary evidence it has been classed here as a deserted hamlet.

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] NMR Pastscape Record No. 117403.
[2] Dyer, C. 2002. ‘Villages and Non-Villages in the Medieval Cotswolds’, Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society 120: 11-35.
[3] Gloucestershire HER Record No. 4713.
[4] Herbert, N.M. 2001. 'Withington', in N.M. Herbert (ed.) A History of the County of Gloucester. Volume 9: 248-279. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[5] Dyer, C. 1982. ‘Deserted Medieval Villages in the West Midlands’, Economic History Review 35:19-34: 23.
Pre-1974 county:
Gloucestershire
Historic parish:
Withington
Present county or unitary area:
Gloucestershire
Modern parish:
Withington
Grid reference:
SO 998161
Latitude:
51.843509
Longitude:
-2.004299

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
GLOS 3,5. WoA2. WoB18
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
97.5
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
0
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
1606 May 17 six fifteenths and tenths
Additional information
Alternative names:
Upper Hilcot
Presumed date of depopulation:
1370-1380
NMR number:
117403
HER number:
GLOS 4713
Investigation history:
? Excavation.
1972 Field Visit.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF CPE/UK/1897 4430-4431 Taken 12 December 1946.
CUCAP AIK42-44 Taken 5 February 1964.
CUCAP ATZ63-66 Taken 8 April 1968.
NMR SO 9916/11 (23666/07) Take 18 October 2004.
Dyer, C. 2002. ‘Villages and Non-Villages in the Medieval Cotswolds’, Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society 120: 11-35. Photograph p. 24.
Site status:
Not Scheduled
x coordinate:
399800
y coordinate:
216100
Bibliography:
Aston, M. and L. Viner 1981. ‘Gloucestershire Deserted Villages’, Glevensis 15: 22-29.
Beresford, M. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.
Saville, A. 1980. Archaeological Sites in the Avon and Gloucestershire Cotswolds. Bristol: Committee for Rescue Archaeology in Avon, Gloucestershire and Somerset: 19.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=117403
Open Domesday
opendomesday.org/place/SO9916/hilcot/