Harford

 

 

Site type: DMV

This village is more often referred to as Lower Harford. The remains of the settlement can be seen to the east of the River Windrush, with two hollow ways running southwest to northeast ending at the river. At least 11 building platforms can be discerned. [1] It is suggested that only a few of these were actual domestic dwellings with the rest being used for agricultural purposes. [2] There is also evidence of water management features close to the river. [3]

It is suggested that Harford was the earliest settlement in the parish, located at the ford, with the settlement of Naunton, the newer settlement. [4] At Domesday there is a minimum population of seven. In 1327 two people are assessed. [5] By 1341 it is suggested that the settlement was largely deserted and a well below average Lay Subsidy is paid in 1334. [4, 6] By 1381 it is no longer distinguished from Naunton in the tax records. [4]

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] NMR Pastscape Record No. 330493.
[2] Hyde, M. 2003. ‘Lower Harford’, Medieval Settlement Research Group Annual Report 18: 58-60.
[3] Scheduled Monument List Entry 1018528.
[4] Elrington, C.R. and K. Morgan 1965. 'Naunton', in C.R. Elrington (ed.) A History of the County of Gloucester. Volume 6: 76-87. London: Oxford University Press.
[5] Franklin, P. 1993. The Taxpayers of Medieval Gloucestershire. Stroud: Alan Sutton: 58.
[6] Dyer, C. 1982. ‘Deserted Medieval Villages in the West Midlands’, Economic History Review 35:19-34: 22.
Pre-1974 county:
Gloucestershire
Historic parish:
Naunton
Present county or unitary area:
Gloucestershire
Modern parish:
Naunton
Grid reference:
SP 130225
Latitude:
51.90090293
Longitude:
-1.81245445

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
GLOS 52,7
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
7
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
101
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Not recorded
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
No surviving record
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
No surviving record
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
No surviving record
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
No surviving record
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
1677 April 16 act to raise £584,978 2s 2½d to build 30 ships
Additional information
Alternative names:
Lower Harford
Presumed date of depopulation:
1340-1380
NMR number:
330493
HER number:
GLOS 94
Investigation history:
1974 Field Visit.
2002-2006 North Gloucestershire Cotswolds and Forest of Dean NMP.
2003 Survey.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF 106G/UK/1347 7058-9 Taken 1 April 1946.
CUCAP AIN35-39 Taken 8 April 1964.
Site status:
Scheduled 1018528
x coordinate:
413000
y coordinate:
222500
Bibliography:
Aston, M. and L. Viner 1981. ‘Gloucestershire Deserted Villages’, Glevensis 15: 22-29.
Beresford, M. 1954. The Lost Villages of England. London: Lutterworth Press: 350.

Beresford, M. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.
Saville, A. 1980. Archaeological Sites in the Avon and Gloucestershire Cotswolds. Bristol: Committee for Rescue Archaeology in Avon, Gloucestershire and Somerset: 19.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=330493
Open Domesday
opendomesday.org/place/XX0000/lower-and-upper-harford/