Ditchford, Upper

 

 

Site type: DMV

The earthworks of the settlement are located to the west of Neighbrook Manor (formally Upper Ditchford Farm). There were three Ditchfords recorded in documents, Upper, Middle and Lower, all of which continued as a separate farm. The history of these sites is complex as they formed a detached part of Worcestershire, within Gloucestershire, at various points of time. [1] A central green is surrounded by a range of building and house platforms. The village is surrounded by extensive ridge and furrow suggesting the area of the earthworks and present farm buildings are the maximum extent of the settlement.

There is not always a clear division into separate settlements in the records. Ditchford was recorded in the Worcestershire section of the Domesday Book with a minimum population of five. Upper Ditchford pays an average Lay Subsidy in 1334 and is recorded in Worcestershire. The villages at Ditchford were noted as ruinous in 1491 by John Rous, a priest of Warwick. [1] The value of the tithe-corn in Upper Ditchford had halved in value between 1384-1419 and the end of arable farming is signaled when it ceased completely in about 1475 [2]

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Beresford, M.W. and J.K. St. Joseph 1979. Medieval England: An Aerial Survey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 16-17.
[2] Dyer, C. 1982. ‘Deserted Medieval Villages in the West Midlands’, Economic History Review 35: 19-34: 24.
Pre-1974 county:
Gloucestershire
Historic parish:
Ditchford
Present county or unitary area:
Gloucestershire
Modern parish:
Blockley
Grid reference:
SP 200368
Latitude:
52.02926636
Longitude:
-1.70988751

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
WORS 2,39
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
5 (Ditchford)
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
360
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
No surviving record
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
No surviving record
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
No surviving record
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
No surviving record
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
No surviving record
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
1624 May 13 or later three fifteenths and tenths
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
1470-1500
NMR number:
332751
HER number:
GLOS 373
Investigation history:
1973 Field Visit.
2002-2006 North Gloucestershire Cotswolds and Forest of Dean NMP.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF CPE/UK/1926 2166-7, 5165 Taken 16 January 1947.
CUCAP LT76-78 Taken 3 May 1953.
CUCAP AFH63-65 Taken 8 June 1962.
CUCAP AIJ50-53 Taken 5 February 1964.
CUCAP AKS29-35 Taken 13 April 1965.
CUCAP AWO70-73 Taken 27 January 1969.
CUCAP CCF56-57 Taken 18 May 1977.
NMR SP 1936/1 (21071/01) Taken 16 November 2000.
NMR SP 1936/2 (21071/02) Taken 16 November 2000.
Aston, M. and L. Viner 1984. ‘The Study of Deserted Villages in Gloucestershire’, in A. Saville (ed.) Archaeology in Gloucestershire: 276-293. Cheltenham: Cheltenham Art Gallery and Museums and Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society. Photograph p. 285.
Site status:
Scheduled 1018137
x coordinate:
420000
y coordinate:
236800
Bibliography:
Aston, M. and L. Viner 1981. ‘Gloucestershire Deserted Villages’, Glevensis 15: 22-29.
Beresford, M. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.
Saville, A. 1980. Archaeological Sites in the Avon and Gloucestershire Cotswolds. Bristol: Committee for Rescue Archaeology in Avon, Gloucestershire and Somerset: 19.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=332751
Open Domesday
opendomesday.org/place/SP2136/ditchford/
CUCAP Aerial Photographs
www.cambridgeairphotos.com/location/ccf57/