Yoden

 

 

Site type: DMV

The identity of this settlement has been somewhat debated. It was given the name Yoden by antiquarian writers but has since been identified as Horden. [1, 2] The earthwork remains of the settlement are not clear from the air but form two parallel lines of enclosures along a possible east-west green. Excavations in 1884 proved the medieval date of the remains uncovering what were described as ‘foundations of the rudest descriptions, consisting entirely of mere shapeless masses of un-hewn stone’. [1] The area of the site is surrounded by the modern settlement of Peterlee, and the earthworks themselves have suffered damage over the years.

Yoden is mentioned from the twelfth century, however these are reporting accounts of earlier activity back to the tenth century. [2] It should be noted though that there is no concrete evidence that Yoden mentioned in these documents is represented by the earthworks visible at this site. [2] The evidence does point to these remains being the village of Horden which is mentioned in documents from the fourteenth century. [2] Horden Hall is located 500m to the north of the site. A valuation of 1431 suggests at this time there were eight crofts at the site. [2] Documents have suggested the site was abandoned by 1435. [3]

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Middleton, R.M. 1885. ‘On Yoden, A Medieval site between Castle Eden and Easington’, Archaeologia Aeliana 10: 186.
[2] Turnbull, P. 2004. A Deserted Medieval Village off Eden Lane, Peterlee, Co. Durham. The Brigantia Archaeological Practice Unpublished Report.
[3] Dyer, C. 1972-1973. ‘Preservation of Sites’, Medieval Village Research Group 20/21: 19.
Pre-1974 county:
Durham
Historic parish:
Eastington
Present county or unitary area:
County Durham
Modern parish:
Peterlee
Grid reference:
NZ 433418
Latitude:
54.76927501
Longitude:
-1.32851348

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
Additional information
Alternative names:
Horden
Presumed date of depopulation:
1430-1500
NMR number:
27217
HER number:
DURH 78
Investigation history:
1884 Excavation.
1954 Field Visit.
1972 Survey.
1980 Field Visit.
1991 Measured Survey.
2004 Measured Survey.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF F21/58/2654 0164-5 Taken 9 December 1958.
Survey Plan Medieval Village Research Group Archive: measured drawings. Historic England Archive 620494.
Site status:
Scheduled 1019913
x coordinate:
443300
y coordinate:
541800
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. 1954. The Lost Villages of England. London: Lutterworth Press: 350.

Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.

Middleton, R.M. 1885. ‘On Yoden, A Medieval site between Castle Eden and Easington’, Archaeologia Aeliana 10: 186.

Turnbull, P. 2004. A Deserted Medieval Village off Eden Lane, Peterlee, Co. Durham. The Brigantia Archaeological Practice Unpublished Report.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=27217