Swainston

 

 

Site type: DMV

Settlement remains can be clearly seen around Low Swainston Farm, 400m to the south of the deserted site of Embleton. There are a number of hollow ways present with an east-west hollow way dissecting the site, with a number of north-south lines being further hollow ways and property boundaries. At least 10 house sites have been identified and two of these have been excavated. [1, 2] The excavated houses were located in the south-east of the site and may have been on the edge of the settlement. [2, 3] Both structures have been dated to the fourteenth to fifteenth century. [1, 2, 3]

Swainston is mentioned in 1290 when it was part of land granted with the manor of Newton Hansard. [4] The land passes through a variety of hands but there is little other documentary evidence of the village. The earthworks clearly show a sizable settlement at one time.

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Wilson, D.M. and J.G. Hurst 1958. ‘Medieval Britain in 1957’, Medieval Archaeology 2: 210.
[2] Booth, J.C. 1957. ‘Swainston Village’, South Shields Archaeological and History Society Papers 1, 5: 9-14.
[3] Wilson, D.M. and J.G. Hurst 1960. ‘Medieval Britain in 1959’, Medieval Archaeology 4: 160.
[4] Curtis, M. 1928. ‘Sedgefield’, in W. Page (ed.) A History of the Country of Durham Volume 3: 321-343. London: The St Catherine Press.
Pre-1974 county:
Durham
Historic parish:
Embleton
Present county or unitary area:
County Durham
Modern parish:
Sedgefield
Grid reference:
NZ 419294
Latitude:
54.65796809
Longitude:
-1.35205065

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
NMR number:
27019
HER number:
DURH 268
Investigation history:
1957-1960 Excavation.
2006-2007 Durham Aggregate Areas NMP.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF 540/642 3208 Taken 10 December 1951.
RAF 540/652 3208-3209.
CUCAP BLK53-56 Taken 16 January 1973.
CUCAP CLP49-57 Taken 10 May 1980.
Booth, J.C. 1957. ‘Swainston Village’, South Shields Archaeological and History Society Papers 1, 5: 9-14. Plan p. 12-13.
Survey Plan Medieval Village Research Group Archive: measured drawings. Historic England Archive 620494.
Site status:
Not Scheduled
x coordinate:
441900
y coordinate:
529400
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.
Booth, J.C. 1957. ‘Swainston Village’, South Shields Archaeological and History Society Papers 1, 5: 9-14.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=27019