Sockburn

 

 

Site type: Doubtful

Faint earthworks at the site close to the remains of the church may represent settlement evidence, however they have been interpreted as manorial earthworks. [1, 2] The area has been landscaped as part of the parkland of Sockburn Hall. The chapel ruins include clear thirteenth-century elements. [3] There is a much earlier history to the site with links to consecration of Higbald of Lindesfarne in 780 and the ordination of Eanbald as Archbishop of York in 796. [3] There are suggestions that the chapel started life as a minster church, later becoming a parish church. [3] Pieces of pre-conquest sculpture have also been uncovered on the site. [2, 3] Current research at the site is concentrating on this early history and it is still debated whether there was ever a village here in the medieval period. [2, 4] An inquisition post mortem in 1438 mentions only a mill and three cottages as well as the manor house. [4] In 1666 five people are listed in the Hearth Tax. [5] Until further research identifies settlement evidence this has been labelled as doubtful.

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] NMR Pastscape Record No. 25511.
[2] Went, D. and M. Jecock 2007. Sockburn Hall, Darlington: an Archaeological Investigation of the Medieval and Post-Medieval Manors and the Setting of the Pre-Conquest Church. English Heritage Research Report 82/2007.
[3] Pevsner, N. and R. Williamson 1983. The Buildings of England: Durham. London: Penguin Books: 410-411.
[4] Semple, S and D. Petts 2014. Sockburn Project, Co Durham.
[5] Green, A., E. Parkinson and M. Spufford 2006. County Durham Hearth Tax Assessment Lady Day 1666. London: British Record Society: 42.
Pre-1974 county:
Durham
Historic parish:
Sockburn
Present county or unitary area:
Darlington
Modern parish:
Neasham
Grid reference:
NZ 349070
Latitude:
54.45720431
Longitude:
-1.46319474

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Taxation 1291 (main):
3200
Taxation 1291 (portions):
1120 (Vicarage)
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
22
Census 1801 total population:
34 (Township)
Census 1841 total population:
42 (Parish)
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
7
E179 date and type last doc:
1678 March 20 act for raising money by a poll
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
NMR number:
25511
HER number:
DURH 175, 4620
Investigation history:
1957 Field Visit.
1990 Excavation.
1991 Survey.
2007 Topographic and Geophysical Survey.
2013 Excavation.
Cartographic or photographic records:
CUCAP AQP46-47 Taken 14 January 1967.
Went, D. and M. Jecock 2007. Sockburn Hall, Darlington: an Archaeological Investigation of the Medieval and Post-Medieval Manors and the Setting of the Pre-Conquest Church. English Heritage Research Report 82/2007. Plans p. 25-28.
Site status:
Scheduled 1002340 (Church)
x coordinate:
434900
y coordinate:
507000
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.

Semple, S and D. Petts 2014. Sockburn Project, Co Durham.

Went, D. and M. Jecock 2007. Sockburn Hall, Darlington: an Archaeological Investigation of the Medieval and Post-Medieval Manors and the Setting of the Pre-Conquest Church. English Heritage Research Report 82/2007.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=25511
Sockburn Project
www.dur.ac.uk/archaeology/research/projects/?mode=project&id=716
Gatehouse
www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info/English%20sites/765.html