Newsham

 

 

Site type: DMV

The earthworks of Newsham can be seen clearly from the air located to the east and north of the River Tees. The grid reference used by this website has been refined since the 1968 original to place it over the earthworks at NZ 383110. These include hollow ways and enclosures. At least 11 tofts have been identified and at least 11 building platforms suggested including one that was possibly the chapel of St James. [1, 2] These are aligned along a north-south axis which corresponds to the modern farm track, and the house plots were located on either side of a narrow green. [2] The place-name is first recorded in the late twelfth century. [3] The first clear evidence of the size of settlement is in 1317 and it is estimated that at this time there were 25 households. [2, 4] By 1323 there are already records of land laying fallow through the lack of tenants. [5] This decline continues after the mid-fourteenth century, and by 1608 only the manor house and three houses were left habitable. [2, 4]

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Tees Archaeology HER Record No. 632.
[2] Pallister, A.F. and P.M.J. Pallister 1978. ‘A Survey of the Deserted Medieval Village of Newsham’, Transactions of the Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland 4: 7-19.
[3] Watts, V. 2007. The Place-Names of County Durham Part 1. Nottingham: English Place-Name Society: 60.
[4] NMR Pastscape Record No. 25661.
[5] Brownbill, J. 1928. ‘Egglescliffe’, in W. Page (ed.) A History of the Country of Durham Volume 3: 222-232. London: The St Catherine Press.
Pre-1974 county:
Durham
Historic parish:
Newsham
Present county or unitary area:
Stockton-on-Tees
Modern parish:
Newsham
Grid reference:
NZ 383110
Latitude:
54.492906
Longitude:
-1.410238

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
34 (Township)
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
1610 Feb 9 x July 23 subsidy
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
1390-1500
NMR number:
25661
HER number:
TEES 632
Investigation history:
1953 Field Visit.
1963 Field Visit.
1972 Survey.
1981 Field Visit.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF 106G/UK/1700 4292-4 Taken 27 August 1946.
Pallister, A.F. and P.M.J. Pallister 1978. ‘A Survey of the Deserted Medieval Village of Newsham’, Transactions of the Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland 4: 7-19. Plan pp. 9, 16, photos p. 11.
Site status:
Scheduled 1006764
x coordinate:
438300
y coordinate:
511000
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. 1954. The Lost Villages of England. London: Lutterworth Press: 350.

Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.

Pallister, A.F. and P.M.J. Pallister 1978. ‘A Survey of the Deserted Medieval Village of Newsham’, Transactions of the Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland 4: 7-19.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=25661