Newbiggin, West

 

 

Site type: DMV

There are no clear remains of the settlement in the area, but a gap in the ridge and furrow around West Newbiggin Farm may indicate the location of the settlement. A moated site was located to the east of West Newbiggin and excavations in 1978 discovered the central area had been occupied before the moat was constructed. [1] The neighbouring deserted settlement of East Newbiggin is located 1km to the north-east. Newbiggin is first recorded in the thirteenth century, and West Newbiggin is first mentioned in the late sixteenth century. [2] In 1666 at 'Newbiggins' six people are listed in the Hearth Tax. [3] There is no clear evidence of the size of any settlement at Newbiggin or either of the two settlements. It may be the case that there was only a single settlement.

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] NMR Pastscape Record No. 25550.
[2] Watts, V. 2007. The Place-Names of County Durham Part 1. Nottingham: English Place-Name Society: 42.
[3] Green, A., E. Parkinson and M. Spufford 2006. County Durham Hearth Tax Assessment Lady Day 1666. London: British Record Society: 39.
Pre-1974 county:
Durham
Historic parish:
Newbiggin
Present county or unitary area:
Darlington
Modern parish:
East and West Newbiggin
Grid reference:
NZ 355185
Latitude:
54.56050717
Longitude:
-1.45256180

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
42 (East and) (Township)
Census 1841 total population:
37 (East and) (Township)
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
7
E179 date and type last doc:
1662 May 19 hearth tax
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
NMR number:
25560
HER number:
DURH 4371
Investigation history:
1978 Excavation.
1981 Field Visit.
Cartographic or photographic records:
CUCAP UZ7-9 Taken 31 May 1957.
CUCAP AQN57-58 Taken 11 January 1967.
Site status:
Not Scheduled
x coordinate:
435500
y coordinate:
518500
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.w. 1954. The Lost Villages of England. London: Lutterworth Press: 350.

Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=25560