Layton

 

 

Site type: DMV

There are earthworks visible which include hollow ways and enclosures as well as surrounding ridge and furrow. Part of the earthworks has been destroyed by the widening of the A177. The earthworks have though been identified as a manorial centre and not the village which it is suggested is located to the north. [1] This is confirmed by early map evidence. [2]

Layton is mentioned from the mid-twelfth century onwards, however it is not recorded in the Bolden Book in 1183. [3, 4] An enquiry in 1586 recorded that fifty years previously there had been a village with six to eight houses but only one was remaining. [5] A capital messuage was mentioned in 1570 and this stayed with the same family until the eighteenth century. [5] A map of 1608 shows the ‘site of houses’, but this is now covered by the present Layton House. [2] No buildings at all are shown on this map, but the accompanying text does state that ‘ye garden, house and curtledge are not measured’ and it is suggested that this refers to the manor house as the only remaining structure on the site. [2]

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Scheduled Monument List Entry 1019532.
[2] Beresford, M.W. 1967. ‘East Layton, Co. Durham, in 1608: Another Early Cartographic Representation of a Deserted Medieval Village Site’, Medieval Archaeology 11: 257-260.
[3] Watts, V. 2007. The Place-Names of County Durham Part 1. Nottingham: English Place-Name Society: 192-193.
[4] Austin, D. 1982. Bolden Book Northumberland and Durham. Chichester: Phillimore.
[5] Curtis, M. 1928. ‘Sedgefield’, in W. Page (ed.) A History of the Country of Durham Volume 3: 321-343. London: The St Catherine Press.
Pre-1974 county:
Durham
Historic parish:
Layton
Present county or unitary area:
County Durham
Modern parish:
Sedgefield
Grid reference:
NZ 377270
Latitude:
54.63673170
Longitude:
-1.41745664

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
Not Recorded
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
1530-1600
NMR number:
25733
HER number:
DURH 354
Investigation history:
1957 Field Visit.
1961 Field Visit.
1978 Excavation.
1981 Field Visit.
1991 Measured Survey.
2007 Durham Aggregates Area NMP.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF 541/23 4060-61 Taken 16 May 1948.
CUCAP UY89-90 Taken 31 May 1957.
RAF 543/396 0210 Taken 24 September 1958.
CUCAP AQP63-65 Taken 14 January 1967.
CUCAP BAB92-94 Taken 20 January 1969.
CUCAP BDZ5-6 Taken 28 July 1970.
NMR NZ 3644/2 (12917/40) Taken 12 August 1996.
Beresford, M.W. 1967. ‘East Layton, Co. Durham, in 1608: Another Early Cartographic Representation of a Deserted Medieval Village Site’, Medieval Archaeology 11: 257-260. Map p. 258.
Survey Plan Medieval Village Research Group Archive: measured drawings. Historic England Archive 620494.
Site status:
Scheduled 1019532
x coordinate:
437700
y coordinate:
527000
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. 1954. The Lost Villages of England. London: Lutterworth Press: 350.

Beresford, M.W. 1967. ‘East Layton, Co. Durham, in 1608: Another Early Cartographic Representation of a Deserted Medieval Village Site’, Medieval Archaeology 11: 257-260.

Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=25733