Hartburn, West

 

 

Site type: DMV

There are clear earthworks still present at the site to the south of the road. The area to the north has been ploughed but traces of remains are still visible. The settlement consisted of two parallel rows on either side of a green. The green exists to the south of the modern road, and to the south of the green is a hollow way, running parallel to it, north-west to south-east. Enclosures can be identified along the hollow ways. Excavations were conducted in the 1960s on the earthworks south of the road and revealed evidence of a number of different buildings. [1] At least two longhouses were uncovered, and a smaller building which is now thought to be a smaller structure associated with one of the longhouses. It is estimated that altogether there were 12 tofts. [1] Pottery dating to the thirteenth to sixteenth century was recovered. [1]

There is little historical documentary evidence for the nature of the site. [1] There is a local tradition of a chapel located at Goosepool that served Hartburn. [2] In 1183 Hartburn has a minimum population of 14. [3] It is clear that this was a sizable settlement in the medieval period.

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Pallister, A. and S. Wrathmell 1990. ‘The Deserted Village of West Hartburn, Third Report: Excavations of Site D and Discussion’, in B.E. Vyner (ed.) Medieval Rural Settlement in North-East England: 59-78. Durham: Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland Research Report 2.
[2] Brownhill, J. 1928. ‘Middleton St. George’, in W. Page (ed.) A History of the Country of Durham Volume 3: 293-299. London: The St Catherine Press.
[3] Austin, D. 1982. Bolden Book Northumberland and Durham. Chichester: Phillimore: 55.
Pre-1974 county:
Durham
Historic parish:
West Hartburn
Present county or unitary area:
Darlington
Modern parish:
Middleton St George
Grid reference:
NZ 358143
Latitude:
54.52274347
Longitude:
-1.44843166

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
NMR number:
25649
HER number:
DURH 209
Investigation history:
1953 Field Visit.
1961-1969 Excavation.
1981 Field Visit.
1991 Measured Survey.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF CPE/UK/1835 4236-7 Taken 13 November 1946.
Pallister, A. and S. Wrathmell 1990. ‘The Deserted Village of West Hartburn, Third Report: Excavations of Site D and Discussion’, in B.E. Vyner (ed.) Medieval Rural Settlement in North-East England: 59-78. Durham: Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland Research Report 2. Plan. Fig 1.
Still, L. and A. Paliister 1964. ‘The Excavation of One House Site in the Deserted Village of West Hartburn, County Durham’, Archaeologia Aeliana 42: 187-206. Plan p. 189.
Still, L. and A. Pallister 1967. ‘West Hartburn 1965 Site C’, Archaeologia Aeliana 45: 139-148. Plan p. 140.
Survey Plan Medieval Village Research Group Archive: measured drawings. Historic England Archive 620494.
Site status:
Scheduled 1011257
x coordinate:
435800
y coordinate:
514300
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.

Pallister, A. and S. Wrathmell 1990. ‘The Deserted Village of West Hartburn, Third Report: Excavations of Site D and Discussion’, in B.E. Vyner (ed.) Medieval Rural Settlement in North-East England: 59-78. Durham: Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland Research Report 2.

Still, L. and A. Paliister 1964. ‘The Excavation of One House Site in the Deserted Village of West Hartburn, County Durham’, Archaeologia Aeliana 42: 187-206.

Still, L. and A. Pallister 1967. ‘West Hartburn 1965 Site C’, Archaeologia Aeliana 45: 139-148.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=25649