Elton

 

 

Site type: Shrunken

Much of the area has seen infilling in the last 100 years, probably covering remains of any early settlement. The manor of Elton is mentioned from the tenth century. [1] The church structure includes twelfth-century fabric. [1] Excavations in 1991 revealed evidence of a medieval barn dating from the thirteenth to fifteenth century, as well as toft boundaries. [2] There were 21 households recorded in 1563, and 15 listed in the 1666 Hearth Tax. [3] On the first edition of the Ordnance Survey map from 1855 there are a number of buildings in the area and this is more of a shrunken settlement.

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Brownbill, J. 1928. ‘Elton’, in W. Page (ed.) A History of the Country of Durham Volume 3: 232-235. London: The St Catherine Press.
[2] Nenk, B.S., S. Margeson and M. Hurley 1992. ‘Medieval Britain and Ireland in 1991’, Medieval Archaeology 36: 204-205.
[3] Green, A., E. Parkinson and M. Spufford 2006. County Durham Hearth Tax Assessment Lady Day 1666. London: British Record Society: 37, 130.
Pre-1974 county:
Durham
Historic parish:
Elton
Present county or unitary area:
Stockton-on-Tees
Modern parish:
Elton
Grid reference:
NZ 403174
Latitude:
54.55026453
Longitude:
-1.37849175

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Taxation 1291 (main):
1040
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
21
Census 1801 total population:
78 (Township)
Census 1841 total population:
92 (Parish)
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
19
E179 date and type last doc:
1678 March 20 act for raising money by a poll
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
NMR number:
26925
HER number:
TEES 635
Investigation history:
1986 Survey.
1991-1993 Excavation.
1992 Geophysical Survey.
Cartographic or photographic records:
Higham, N. 1991. ‘Research in 1991: ii Excavation’, Medieval Settlement Research Group 6: 37-38. Plan p.37.
Site status:
Not Scheduled
x coordinate:
440300
y coordinate:
517400
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=26925