Claxton

 

 

Site type: DMV

There are no clear visible remains of the settlement after ploughing destroyed any surface archaeology in the late 1960s. [1] This activity revealed remains of stone and pottery dated to the thirteenth to fifteenth century, suggesting a two row settlement. [1] A geophysical survey of an area close to settlement remains revealed evidence of a dense area of ditches and trial trenching found more ditches and well-preserved remains. [2]

The first mention of the village is in the late eleventh century. [3, 4] A chapel is recorded from the early thirteenth century. [3] In the fourteenth century the township of Claxton is recorded in the land holdings of the Bishop of Durham. [5] In the fifteenth century the village and tofts are recorded. [6] It has been suggested that there was a hiatus in occupation between the 1480s and 1626. [7]

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] NMR Pastscape Record No. 27013.
[2] Nenk, B.S., S. Margeson and M. Hurley 1994. ‘Medieval Britain and Ireland in 1993’, Medieval Archaeology 38: 197.
[3] Curtis, M. 1928. ‘Greatham’, in W. Page (ed.) A History of the Country of Durham. Volume 3: 242-247. London: The St Catherine Press.
[4] Watts, V. 2007. The Place-Names of County Durham Part 1. Nottingham: English Place-Name Society: 79.
[5] Greenwell, W. 1857. Bishop Hatfield’s Survey. Durham: Publications of the Surtees Society 32: 167.
[6] Greenwell, W. 1872. Feodarium Prioratus Dunelmensis. Durham. Publications of the Surtees Society 58: 25-26.
[7] Tees Archaeology HER Record No. 619.
Pre-1974 county:
Durham
Historic parish:
Claxton
Present county or unitary area:
Hartlepool
Modern parish:
Claxton
Grid reference:
NZ 475280
Latitude:
54.64489312
Longitude:
-1.26548101

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
42 (Township)
Census 1841 total population:
52 (Township)
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
9
E179 date and type last doc:
1678 March 20 act for raising money by a poll
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
NMR number:
27013
HER number:
TEES 619
Investigation history:
1993 Geophysical Survey.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF 541/23 4335-36 Taken 16 May 1948.
Site status:
Not Scheduled
x coordinate:
447500
y coordinate:
528000
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. 1954. The Lost Villages of England. London: Lutterworth Press: 350.

Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.
See also:
NMR Pastsacpe
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=27013