Castle Eden

 

 

Site type: Migrated

There are no clear remains at the site, but areas of ridge and furrow can be seen in the surrounding area. The area of the settlement has been landscaped and ploughed. It is suggested that the settlement was located between The Castle and the church to the south. In 1775 an Anglo-Saxon burial was discovered in this area. Further excavations were carried out in 1974 when the site was under threat from development. [1] Ten trenches were excavated down to the first archaeological features, but not fully excavated. [1] These revealed a north-south hollow way and suggested houses to either side forming two rows. [1] Pottery uncovered dated from the twelfth to sixteenth century. [1]

The first mention of Castle Eden is in pre-conquest documents, recording the place-name. There is evidence of the settlement through the medieval period. The church is recorded in 1291. There are three households recorded in 1563. In the 1666 Hearth Tax a total of 18 people are listed. [2] The estate was bought in 1758 by Rowland Burdon who landscaped the area around a new house ‘The Castle’ that he built in c. 1765. [1] This development also included ‘The Village’ a settlement of two rows on the road to the church which was built to replace the medieval settlement that had been lost before the early nineteenth century. [1]

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Austin, D and C. O’Mahoney 1987. ‘The Medieval Settlement and Landscape of Castle Eden, Peterlee, Co. Durham: Excavations 1974’, Durham Archaeological Journal 3: 57-78.
[2] Green, A., E. Parkinson and M. Spufford 2006. County Durham Hearth Tax Assessment Lady Day 1666. London: British Record Society: 50, 141.
Pre-1974 county:
Durham
Historic parish:
Castle Eden
Present county or unitary area:
County Durham
Modern parish:
Castle Eden
Grid reference:
NZ 427388
Latitude:
54.74236865
Longitude:
-1.33827798

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Taxation 1291 (main):
0
Taxation 1291 (portions):
1200 (Durham Cathedral Prior), 1200 (Guisborough Priory Prior)
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
30
Census 1801 total population:
362 (Parish)
Census 1841 total population:
558 (Parish)
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
104
E179 date and type last doc:
1678 March 20 act for raising money by a poll
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
NMR number:
27116
HER number:
DURH 165
Investigation history:
1974 Excavation.
1980 Field Visit.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF 540/642 4328-9 Taken 10 December 1951.
Austin, D and C. O’Mahoney 1987. ‘The Medieval Settlement and Landscape of Castle Eden, Peterlee, Co. Durham: Excavations 1974’, Durham Archaeological Journal 3: 57-78. Plans Figs 3 and 12.
Site status:
Scheduled 1015842
x coordinate:
442700
y coordinate:
538800
Bibliography:
Austin, D and C. O’Mahoney 1987. ‘The Medieval Settlement and Landscape of Castle Eden, Peterlee, Co. Durham: Excavations 1974’, Durham Archaeological Journal 3: 57-78.

Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=27116
Gatehouse
www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info/English%20sites/987.html