Butterwick

 

 

Site type: Shrunken

There is no clear physical evidence for the settlement but traces of ridge and furrow can be seen in the surrounding fields. Enclosures and hollow ways could be seen on the ground before ploughing and new buildings have destroyed them. [1] There are three farms still present at the site and they probably reflect a shrunken settlement which would have been larger in the medieval period. [2] The first mention of Butterwick is in 1131, and it is also recorded in the Bolden Book in 1183. [3, 4] The site had a capital messuage in 1564, which shows there was still some occupation in the area at this time. [5]

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] NMR Pastscape Record No. 25752
[2] Durham HER Record No. 2412.
[3] Watts, V. 2007. The Place-Names of County Durham Part 1. Nottingham: English Place-Name Society: 174-175.
[4] Austin, D. 1982. Bolden Book Northumberland and Durham. Chichester: Phillimore: 27.
[5] Curtis, M. 1928. ‘Sedgefield’, in W. Page (ed.) A History of the Country of Durham Volume 3: 321-343. London: The St Catherine Press.
Pre-1974 county:
Durham
Historic parish:
Butterwick
Present county or unitary area:
County Durham
Modern parish:
Sedgefield
Grid reference:
NZ 385298
Latitude:
54.66183245
Longitude:
-1.40469634

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
60 (Township)
Census 1841 total population:
61 (Township)
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
9
E179 date and type last doc:
1662 May 19 hearth tax
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
NMR number:
25752
HER number:
DURH 2412
Investigation history:
1981 Field Visit.
2007 Durham Aggregates Area NMP.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF 540/642 3214-6 Taken 10 December 1951.
Site status:
Not Scheduled
x coordinate:
438500
y coordinate:
529800
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. 1954. The Lost Villages of England. London: Lutterworth Press: 350.

Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=25752