Liddel

 

 

Site type: DMH

Liddel Strength is the location of a motte and bailey castle that has well preserved earthworks. The suggested site of the settlement is in the shadow of these earthworks; however no settlement features are visible from the air. The site of the motte and bailey castle is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and the scheduling would include any evidence of settlement.

The Liddel barony was created in the twelfth century and as it was on the English/Scottish border it came under constant attack. [1] Attacks in 1300 led to the burning of settlements and the death of inhabitants. [1] The first documentary references to the castle appear in 1174, however it disappears from the record in 1399. [2] By 1281-2 the references are to the ‘site of the castle’ and the fourteenth-century references are to a Pele. [2] It remains unclear if there was actually a settlement associated with the castle. A market and fair were granted in 1267. [3] Taxation records exist throughout the early-fourteenth century but nothing later than 1357 suggesting that no more than a small hamlet may have existed close to the castle throughout its period of occupation, but disappeared when the castle went out of use. All documentary references to the castle are concerned with the buildings and structures at the castle and make no mention of any associated settlement. [4]

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Winchester, A.J.L. 1987. Landscape and Society in Medieval Cumbria. Edinburgh: John Donald Publishers: 44.
[2] Cathcart King, D.J. 1983 Castellarium Anglicanum: An Index and Bibliography of the Castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume I: Anglesey – Montgomery: 88.
[3] Letters, S. 2003. Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516. London: List and Index Society Special Series 32: 88.
[4] Curwen, J.F. 1909. ‘Liddel Mote’, Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society 10: 90-101.
Pre-1974 county:
Cumberland
Historic parish:
Moat
Present county or unitary area:
Cumbria
Modern parish:
Kirkandrews
Grid reference:
NY 402742
Latitude:
55.05866998
Longitude:
-2.93772615

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
80 (1336)
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
No surviving record
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
1357 April 17 x May 5 fifteenth and tenth
Additional information
Alternative names:
Liddel Strength
Presumed date of depopulation:
1360-1400
NMR number:
11696
HER number:
CUMB 17451
Investigation history:
1992 Survey.
Cartographic or photographic records:
OS 72/092 004-5 Taken 12 May 1970.
Site status:
Scheduled 1007152 (Motte and Bailey castle)
x coordinate:
340200
y coordinate:
574200
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.
Curwen, J.F. 1909. ‘Liddel Mote’, Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society 10: 90-101.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=11696
Gatehouse
www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info/English%20sites/573.html