Brampton, Little

 

 

Site type: Doubtful

The site is to the northeast of Brampton on the eastern bank of the River Irthing. There is no indication of the name Little Brampton. The isolated church of St Martin has a complex history, with documentary evidence from 1189 onwards. [1].The church is located in the northern most corner of Brampton Old Church Roman fort, and whilst there have been excavations in the area to investigate the Roman period, there is no evidence for Medieval occupation. Old Church Farm lies to the east of the church, and it is suggested it has Medieval masonry of perhaps a defensive quality. [2] The modern market town of Brampton is located one mile away from the church on the main road between Carlisle and Newcastle, and market grants of 1252 suggest this was the concentration of settlement by this period. [3, 4] Brampton is recorded in the fourteenth-century taxation documents but they refer to this market town.

It is unclear if there was ever any sizable settlement located at the church. Further research may uncover more material but at this stage the isolated church does not suggest extensive settlement at this location.

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Scheduled Monument List Entry 1014586.
[2] Hyde, N. and N. Pevsner 2010. The Buildings of England: Cumbria: Cumberland, Westmorland and Furness. London: Yale University Press: 179.
[3] Winchester, A.J.L. 1987. Landscape and Society in Medieval Cumbria. Edinburgh: John Donald Publishers: 127.
[4] Letters, S. 2003. Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516. London: List and Index Society Special Series 32: 86.
Pre-1974 county:
Cumberland
Historic parish:
Great Easby
Present county or unitary area:
Cumbria
Modern parish:
Brampton
Grid reference:
NY 510615
Latitude:
54.94574212
Longitude:
-2.76648955

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Not recorded
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
No surviving records
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
No surviving records
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
No surviving records
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
No surviving records
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
No surviving records
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
No surviving record
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Diocesan returns 1563:
Not recorded
Census 1801 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
NMR number:
12860
HER number:
CUMB 248
Investigation history:
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF 540/519 4105-6 Taken 1 May 1951.
Site status:
Scheduled 1014586 (Church and Roman fort)
x coordinate:
351000
y coordinate:
561500
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=12860
Gatehouse
www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info/English%20sites/340.html